مرکب آهن‌مازو: بررسی روش ساخت، خوردگی و روش‌های درمان خوردگی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار مرمت اشیای تاریخی و فرهنگی دانشگاه هنر اصفهان

2 استادیار شیمی معدنی پژوهشگاه شیمی و مهندسی شیمی ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری مرمت اشیای تاریخی و فرهنگی، دانشگاه هنر اصفهان

چکیده

هدف: هدف پژوهش حاضر، آشنایی با مرکب آهن‌مازو، روش ساخت، خوردگی این مرکب و روش‌های درمان خوردگی آن، در آثار نگارش‌شده بر روی تکیه‌گاه (محمل) کاغذی می‌باشد. هدف دیگر، رفع و یا به‌حداقل‌رساندن آسیب ناشی از کاربرد روش‌های حفاظتی، با استفاده از انتخاب و به‌کارگیری روش درمان مناسب هنگام برخورد با آثار دارای خوردگی مرکب آهن‌مازو و کنترل خوردگی مرکب در آن‌ها است که البته این امر با داشتن آشنایی از روش‌های موجود میسر می‌گردد.
روش/رویکرد پژوهش: این پژوهش، پژوهشی بنیادی است که جمع‌آوری داده‌ها در آن بر پایه اطلاعات حاصل از مطالعات کتابخانه‌ای و پایگاه داده‌ها انجام‌شده است و تحلیل و بررسی‌ها بر اساس داده‌های به‌دست‌آمده از این مطالعات، صورت گرفته است. مطالعه و پژوهش در خصوص مرکب آهن‌مازو و روش‌های درمان خوردگی آن، به‌صورت پراکنده در تحقیقات انجام‌شده است. در این پژوهش، این مطالعات متمرکز و طبقه‌بندی شده و مزایا و معایب هر روش نیز ذکرشده است.
یافته‌ها و نتایج پژوهش: مرکب آهن‌مازو از چهار جزء اصلی زاج، مازو، صمغ عربی و آب تشکیل شده است. اکسیداسیون فلزِ کاتالیست و هیدرولیزِ اسیدی دو علت اصلی تخریب آثار نگارش‌شده با مرکب آهن‌مازو می‌باشند. دو روش فیزیکی و شیمیایی (آبی- غیرآبی) برای حفاظت آثار حاوی مرکب آهن‌مازو به‌کاررفته‌اند. هرکدام از روش‌های استفاده‌شده دارای معایب و مزایای خاص خود است و هیچ‌کدام به‌طور کامل، تضمین‌کننده حفاظت از مرکب در طولانی‌مدت نمی‌باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Iron gall ink: the study of its preparation, the corrosion process and methods of treatment

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehrnaz Azadi Boyaghchi 1
  • Maryam Afsharpour 2
  • Mohammad Hadadi 3
چکیده [English]

Purpose: Firstly, to introduce iron gall ink, its production process, corrosion and corrosion treatment. Secondly, to consider how to eliminate or minimize the damage caused by the ink, through the use of protection methods involving selecting and applying an appropriate treatment.
Method/ Research Design: Data obtained from library resources and available databases.
Findings and Results: Iron gall ink is comprised of four main components; copperas, gall, gum Arabic and water. Metal-catalyzed oxidation and acid-catalyzed hydrolysis are the two main causes of the deterioration of documents that were written in iron gall ink. Physical and chemical methods (aqueous/ non aqueous) for the conservation of documents containing iron gall ink are used. Each one of these methods has its own advantages and disadvantages and none of them fully guarantee the protection of the document in the long term.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • ink
  • Iron gall ink
  • ink corrosion
  • corrosion treatment

منابع

کتاب‌ها و مقاله‌ها

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