عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Based on their belief in the principle of Imamate, Shiites generally deny the legitimacy of governments. However, the lack of legitimacy of rulers in Shiite thought has not necessarily led to active opposition against the rulers. This article explores the question: in practice, how did the clergymen interact with and confront the government during 1961-1979? To answer the question, the historical interpretation method has been used, and an effort has been made to inductively discern the way clergymen interacted with the government in the period in question through the study of existing records and documents. Findings show that, in this period, clergymen and ulama had four different approaches to dealing with the government: 1) compulsory support 2) nonviolent resistance 3) non-revolutionary opposition 4) revolutionary opposition. The conclusion is that although the clergymen and ulama had various positions and approaches in dealing with the government, all of them determined their method of interaction with the government on the basis of their viewpoint about current conditions and from a religious perspective.