عنوان مقاله [English]

The necessity of approval of doctors' certificates, and the first appearing scientific-academic magazine within Iran

نویسنده [English]

  • ahmad hashemian

چکیده [English]

An introduction and two subject-oriented chapters are included in the article. A major axis of the article covers aspects of the history of Iran's medical profession in Qajar's period, as well as the way the first scientific magazines in Iran appeared. Precedents of the above subjects, demonstrate for the first time in the chancellorship of Amir Kabir, doctors should have received approval certificates in their medical profession, this way nobody would misuse the title of a doctor.
According to Amir Kabir's order to Dr. Kazoulani, Hakim-bashi Nezam, he should have monitored the tasks of all doctors, as well as issued certificates for them. Since 1851, doctors should have been given a test. This process continued until 1911, when second Majlis approved Medical Profession’s Law in 13 items. Hereafter, the career was defined and adopted in the framework of the National Council of Majlis Laws and Bills. The second chapter of the article hinted a point that "The Danesh Paper" was to be the first scientific-academic magazine to be published within Iran. It is said the first sequence appeared in 1882, and its final sequence issued in 1883. The magazine was initiated by Ali Qoli Khan Mokhberodowleh, aided by Mirza Kazim Mahallati {also known by his nickname "Shimi") appearing in Darol Fonoun School.