تجربهء جنگ جهانی اول،بسیاری از متفکران و سیاستمداران جهان را برانگیخت تا برای جلوگیری از تشدید اختلافات و استقرار صلح و امنیت بینالمللی کمک کند.این اندیشه،پس از کنفرانس صلح و رسای عملی گردید.ایران نیز که به نوعی مستقیم یا غیرمستقیم مورد تهدید استعمار و تجاوز قرا گرفته بود،در اندیشهء حفظ استقلال پس از جنگ بزرگ بود؛لذا جامعهء ملل را ابزار مناسبی برای دستیابی به این مهم میانگاشت.موضوع مقالهء حاضر،چگونگی عضویت ایران در جامعهء ملل و اقداماتی است که از این طریق تا پایان جنگ دوم انجام گرفت.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Iran and “League of Nations"
Harsh experiences of the WW1, encouraged many think-tanks and politicians to contain differences and prevent war through founding an international organization, through which Global spanners are removed and peace and security are reinforced worldwide. The idea to set up “League of Nations” came as peace negotiations was underway in the Palace of Versailles in France. Iran was encroached directly and indirectly in the war and was pondering independence from colonial powers as soon as the WW1 came to an end. The League of Nations was an appropriate tool to help Iranian statesmen to materialize their objectives.
who was at the courts from Fathali Shah to Naser A1 Din Shah’s tenures.
Mirza Ja’afar completed his elementary school in Tabriz studying Arabic and Persian Literature. Then, in 1230 Lunar Year, accompanied with four other students, including Mirza Saleh, Mirza Ja’afar Tabib, Mirza Heza, and Mohammad Ali Chakhmaq Saz, he was sent to Britain. Completing their schooling in Britain, the delegation returned to Iran, entrusted with Supreme Adviser posts to the King, in line with their education.
Upon Ms return, Mirza.la’ afar the Engineer, began to teach math, setting up scientific pillars of a faculty in Tabriz within years and was given a leg up by Prince Abbas Mirza, who promoted Mm to Mohandes Bashi Post, or Engineer. In 1252 Lunar Year, he was appointed as Iran’s ambassador to Istanbul and made for the country right away. During the time, Alireza Pasha, Baghdad Ruler, attacked Khorram-Shahr town and Mirza Ja’afar left the embassy in protest of the assault on southwest Iran and turned back to the country instantly. Holding the office in Ottoman Empire, the top diplomat signed two treaties with Belgium and Spain.After the harsh attack on Iran, in 1259-1260 Lunar years, a quartet of Iran, Russia, Ottoman Empire and Britain formed to discuss the challenges and aimed to satisfy Iran, after the encroachments of Alireza Pasha. Mirza Ja ’ afar was Iran’s special envoy to the Quartet. However, when he reached Tabriz, he became ill and was necessarily replaced with Mirza Taqi Khan Farahani, Amir Kabir, who was the then chancellor. As he pulled through, the King appointed him as the special envoy to submit Royal Decrees to the ruler of Georgia. In 1260 LY, Mirza Ja’ afar established an engineering faculty and four years later, was appointed to draw up official borderline with Ottoman Empire, by the Naser A1 Din Shah of Qajar Dynasty. During the assignment, he discovered various artifacts in Shushtar and sent them to the court. In 1257 LY, Mirza Ja’afar was appointed as head of “Council House”. In 1276, he became Iran’s ambassador to Britain and upon his return to the country, chosen as the superintendent to Imam Reza Shrine, during which he set up a hospital in Astan-e-Qods-e-Radawi. He was finally dead during his tenure as superintendent in Khorasan and was buried in Mashad city in 1279 LY.