عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Purpose: Aiming to investigate how the figures on seals from the Qajar Era were influenced by coins and medallions, this research analyzes and compares such figures. In the seals under investigation, the head covers are the caps and crowns of Qajar Kings which can also be observed in coins of that era. A second issue studied in this research is whether there is a relationship between the animal figures on the seals and the profession of the seal owner.
Methodology/Approach: This research uses a historical, descriptive and comparative approach, and is based on library and field resources.
Findings/Conclusions: During the Islamic era, human figures - which were previously quite common - were removed from seals and coins. The minting of coins with the figure of Fath Ali Shah and the prevalence of pictorial coins led to the emergence of seals with human profiles. Comparing the figures on seals with those of coins and considering the collection of seals with human figures from records of Qajar army officers – being aware of their position and also having information about the caps and clothes of soldiers in the Qajar Era – the design of the soldiers’ caps that resemble the crowns of the kings cannot be attributed to the professions of the owners of the seals. In conclusion, while the secondary hypothesis regarding the relation between animal figures on the seals and the owner’s profession cannot be endorsed, the main hypothesis signifying that the figures of seals were influenced by coins and medallions of the Qajar Era is confirmed. The comparative study of the figures indicated that while some of the seals were directly influenced by one coin or medallion, others were affected by several coins. The prevalence of coins with king’s profiles was an incentive for people to engrave figures similar to those of kings on their own seals.