عنوان مقاله [English]
Purpose: Characteristics of traditional restoration of manuscripts are discussed and compared with modern techniques. It seems that differences come from the contrasting approaches, as well as the materials used by the two groups of restorers.
The most important challenge in paper document restoration is to choose systematic methods and use suitable and permanent materials for best result.
Methodology / research design: L library materials as well as direct observation were used to collect data
Results and conclusion: Differences of opinion continues between traditional and modern restorers. Applying traditional techniques requires a degree of manipulation of the document being restored. This is kept at the minimum level when modern techniques are used. According to the experts, Herbal glue is the best material for paper restoration because it has maintained its quality after centuries. However, its yellowish color is a problem. Combining the old and the new techniques brings the best results, provided there is experience and knowledge of both.