عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Purpose: The study investigates the influence of the Ghaenat governor’s initiatives on the verdict of General Fakhraddin Altai of Turkey, who acted as an arbitrator between Iran and Afghanistan in 1934 to draw the border between the two countries. The paper discusses the impact of setting up a customs house in Yazdan, a small town at the border; the military presence at the location; construction of a number of buildings; with emphasis on the ownership of the region by Mir Alam of Gaayenaat which helped Iran to gain the support of the arbitrator.
Research Method/Approach: Archival records belonging to Ghaenat borders, Yazdan customs, and military forces of Yazdan were the basis for analysis in this paper.
Findings and Conclusion: An important part of the border between Iran and Afghanistan was determined as a result. The border included significant segments of the borders of Khorasan province. Inclusion of the small towns of Yazdan and Kalat Kaboudeh direct the border east to Black Mountain. Thus, an important dispute between the two countries was resolved. In spite of the Afghans’ claim, this decree gave this region and its related roads to Iran. One of the reasons that this decree gave this region to Iran was because of the active presence of Iran in this region. This presence started from the time of Mir Alam Khan, and after separation of Herat from Iran in 1863.