عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
In the relations between Iran and the newly-founded Soviet regime, in late 1919 and in 1920, it has normally been assumed that the attack of the Bolshevik forces was merely because of the presence of the troops of Denikin and British forces in the Caspian Sea and Gilan. In this research, the authors want to propose that the attack of the Bolsheviks to Anzali had ideological and expansionist reasons and the presence of the White Army was merely an excuse by the Bolsheviks for hiding their actual objectives. The facts of the Bolsheviks' attack are revealed in the records of the British Foreign Office related to the mentioned years. Furthermore, the precious work of Moisie Persits which is written based on the records of the Ministry of External Relations of Soviet Union, and unfortunately little attention is attached to this work, has important information with regard to our research. By studying the mentioned records and with the help of other resources, it is revealed that the Bolsheviks attacked Iran with the ambitious aim of expanding the revolution to the east. This attack led Iran to step into modern international diplomacy and to take the issue to the League of Nations. Records indicate that Iran made great efforts to fight for its rights but it was the economic negotiations of London-Moscow that released Iran and England from the newly-founded Soviet government. The researchers aim to shed some light on an important part of the relations between Iran and the Soviet Union by studying the records of the British Foreign office and with the help of some Iranian records.