عنوان مقاله [English]
Purpose: After the collapse of the emirate of the Ardalans, who governed Kurdistan since the time of Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar (1831 –1896), Kurdistan underwent a period of chaos. Abbas Khan, a member of the branch of Ardalans in Rawansar and Jawanrood region, near the Jaafs, embarked to revive the power of Ardalans. This paper reports the efforts of Abbas Khan, known as Sardar Rashid, the last of the Ardalans, to revive their emirate in Kurdistan in the latest years of Qajars and early years of the Pahlavi rise.
Method/Research Design: Library resources and archival records have been studied.
Findings: Lack of understanding of the developments in the politics at the national level, failure to establish a working relationship with the tribes and clans in the area, and the popularity of idea of having a powerful central government pursued by the policy of ending tribal dominance were some of the reasons for Abass Khan's failure. Later years of his life was a mix of battles, escapes and eventually surrender and death in exile out from Kurdistan.