عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The constitutional revolution is a milestone in Iran’s history which not only had political effects, but set Iran’s civil society on a new course and gave it new impetus.Studying how Iran’s politicians acted in drawing up contracts and the way in which they gave privileges to the colonizers of Iran, and also clarifying how colonizers took advantage and broke these contracts, endorses the abovementioned fact. Some of the studied contracts are for: The Russian Loan Bank, Lynch’s Company, Khoshtariya Ltd. and the Russian Tehran-Anzali Toll Company.The self-confidence of Iran’s civil society during the constitutional era can be clearly observed by studying the social events of that era - for instance, the reaction of the citizens of Anzali to the Russian Lazanoff Company and the backlash of the butchers of Qazvin against the oppression of the American Gharehguzian Company. Among the positive consequences of the constitutional revolution and its impact, the discontinuance of the contracts with colonialist countries and the employment of more Iranian workers can be mentioned.