عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Naser-AI-Din Shah visited many modern institutions and European civilization works during his three travels to Europe. Then he decided to establish railway in Iran. The concession of establishment and its put in working, granted to a Belgium engineer named "Fabious Bovatal". Sheikh Mohsen Khan, entitled Moshir-AI-Doleh, was elected to end the agreement and get the concession. Bovatal formed a company to construct the aforesaid railway, and sold its stocks to a Russian contractor, Lazar Poliakof. This company established "Iran Railway and Tramway Company". Finally, its construction finished in 1888 and the first 5-6 kilometers railway was established in Iran.